All About Mattress Materials

Did you ever think about what the mattress is made of? Or how does the memory foam come into being? Or what is the difference from the spring mattress? It’s what counts inside, as your mother always said. You may wonder what happens under the fabric that makes it feel like you were sleeping in the clouds if you consider your mattress choices. Here is a detailed description of the different materials that make a mattress so that you can tell the seller exactly what you want the next time you visit the mattress shop, down to the form of foam! Two of the main ingredients for a good night’s sleep are the following materials used in several different mattresses. For more information, visit


A soft material that absorbs the motion and helps to control the temperature and alleviate the pressure point. Memory foam, gel memories, polyurethane foam, and viscoelastic foam are some common forms of moisture.

Polyester Batting

They are used in mattresses and mattress pillowtop filling.


For additional padding and temperature control can be found in some mattresses.


The inside and outside of the mattress are breathable content.


People are used to fitting perfectly in mattresses with layers, fabrics, and seams. In conjunction with adhesives, quilting is also used to reinforce the bond between the layers further.

Flame Retardants

Found with flammability laws for fire resistance in all mattresses sold in the US.

Steel Coils

These two are vital structural components shaped either as open coils or individually wrapped coils (also known as pocket-coils), which form the mattress’s firm base.


Two primary parts are a traditional mattress – a center or “support” and a polishing or “comfort” layer – wrapped in an extensive fabric known as the ticking fabric. The hinged pads cover the mattress and provide coating and convenience. There are three sections to the tapering layer: the insulator, the middle taper, and the quilt.

Upholstery Layers

Upholstery layers cover the mattress and provide support and coating. Certain producers term the “service layer” the mattress center and the tapering layer a “comfort layer.” There are three sections to the padding layer: the isolator, the medium padding, and the quilt. The insulator divides the leading mattress from the center padding. It usually is fiber or mesh and is to preserve the center tapestry. All material between the insulator and the quilt is part of the center upholstery. It is typically made from materials built as a sleeping material, including flexible polyurethane foam, viscoelastic foam and latex foam, foam, felt, polyester fiber, cotton fiber, wool fiber non-woven fiber pad. It is made of polyurethane foam and cotton fiber. Mattress producers have started to incorporate gel-infused sprouts, soft-solid gel layered over the nodes in Europe and North America, and poured gels into the bed’s comfort sheet.

Fabric Cover

Ticking is the protective cover for mattresses and foundations. It is typically built to match the foundation border textile and comes in various colors and designs. Knits, damask, or printed non-wovens, or cheap non-wovens can be made from mattress fabrics. During the past decade, along with the increasing popularity of mouth-watering sleeves, stretching ticks on the top panel of the bed have become a regular feature for indoor and mouth beds. Polyester yarns are the most ticked. Costly colorful fabrics may include a mixture of ray, cotton, silk, wool, or other natural yarn.